Knowledge Base - Risk Management Tutorial

The following article describes how to set your slave (client) account for the FX Trade Bot service.  FX Trade Bot is a 'copy bot' that copies trades from the master account (signal provider) to your customer slave account.  With the most basic (default) settings, trades will be copied proportionately 1:1 based on equity.  So that means if the master has 100,000 and places a 100,000 trade, and your account has 10,000 you will receive a 10,000 trade.  

1. Risk Factor

1.1. Different types of Risk Factors

When you link a Slave to a Master to copy trades, we have to define the size of the trades. This can be defined using different methodology depending on your preferences.

You have the choice between multiple methods to manage the trade size of your Slaves:

  • Auto Risk: the Slave trade size is proportional to the Master trade size and proportional to the Master account size. The account size can be defined as « Equity », « Balance » or « FreeMargin ». This method allows you to be exposed with the same level of risk between the Master and the Slave proportionally to the account size.
  • Lot Multiplier: a multiplier is simply applied to the Master trade size to compute the Slave trade size.
  • Fixed Lot: the Slave lot size does not depend of the Master trade size in that case. The slave trade size is fixed and is defined in advance for each trade.

1.2. How works the Risk Factor?

Let’s see an example for the Master trade below:

Master Equity = € 100’000

Master trade size = 300’000 GBP/USD (or 3 lots)

Slave Equity = $ 200’000

EUR/USD = 1.25

1.2.1. « Auto Risk » method

The « Auto Risk » method can be based either on the Balance, the Equity or on the FreeMargin. In this example, we will only use the Equity, however the concept is exactly the same for the Balance and the FreeMargin.

First, we need to convert the Slave Equity to the same currency as the Master account:

Slave Equity in EUR: $ 200’000 / 1.25 = € 160’000

Secondly, we need to compute the Equity ratio between the Slave and the Master:

160’000 / 100’000 = 1.6

Finally, we apply the Equity ratio to the trade size:

300’000 GBP/USD * 1.6 = 480’000 GBP/USD

This is the amount that we will trade to have the same level of risk than the Master account. However, for risk management flexibility, we offer our clients the possibility to multiply the trade size by the « Auto Risk » value defined by the client.

Auto Risk value = 1 (Same risk for the Master and the Slave) 480’000 * 1 = 480’000 GBP/USD

Auto Risk value = 2 (Twice more risk for the Slave than for the Master) 480’000 * 2 = 960’000 GBP/USD

Auto Risk value = 0.5 (Twice less risk for the Slave than for the Master) 480’000 * 0.5 = 240’000 GBP/USD

1.2.2. « Fixed Lot » method

For example, the client set the « Fixed Lot » value at 2.5. So this case is extremely easy: each trade will use this value as a trade size. So 2.5 will be traded for each transaction whatever the Master trade size is.

1.2.3. « Lot Multiplier » Method

For example, the client set the « Lot Multiplier » value at 2.5. Remember that the Master trade size is 300’000 GBP/USD, so we simply multiply 300'000 by 2.5. So the Slave Trade size will be 750‘000 GBP/USD.

1.3. Risk Factor‘s group

How to group accounts with the same Risk Factors?

Let’s imagine that you are managing 100 Slave accounts with 3 strategies (Master) and that you offer 3 levels of risk. Instead of manually applying the risk to each account, which is fastidious, you can create groups of Risk Factor.

For example:

“Low Risk” Group

Master A => Auto Risk: 1

Master B => Fixed Lot: 0.5

Master C => Lot Multiplier: 0.8

“Medium Risk” Group

Master A => Auto Risk: 2

Master B => Fixed Lot: 1.5

Master C => Lot Multiplier: 1.8

“High Risk” Group

Master A => Auto Risk: 3

Master B => Fixed Lot: 2

Master C => Lot Multiplier: 2.8

As you can see, you can combine the different Risk Factor methods if needed.

So, instead of manually defining the Risk Factor of each Master for each Slave, you can just apply a group of Risk Factor to each Slave.

Slave A: Risk Factor = “High Risk”

Slave B : Risk Factor = “Medium Risk”

Slave C : Risk Factor = “low Risk”

Slave D: Risk Factor = “High Risk”


Created : 2017-10-10 15:33:00, Last Modified : 2017-10-10 15:33:00

User Comments